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Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195382501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.001.0001

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Conducting Large-Scale Population-Based Survey Research

Conducting Large-Scale Population-Based Survey Research

(p.42) 3 Conducting Large-Scale Population-Based Survey Research
Cross-Cultural Research

Jorge Delva

Paula Allen-Meares

Sandra L. Momper

Oxford University Press

This chapter illustrates the conduct of population-based studies by describing the implementation of a large school-based survey of substance use in several Central American countries. The project's methodology followed an etic approach although considerable work was conducted to validate and harmonize the instrument across countries and sites. The project's implementation involved a number of activities that required collaborators to navigate different cultural and geopolitical situations, some of them of a very sensitive nature, some of which we describe in this chapter. Through these examples, we hope readers will acquire a better understanding of the inner workings of these complicated multi-national projects. We also highlight the importance of building partnerships between country researchers and international organizations, including a discussion of protection issues for human subjects, and we provide an example of power analyses and an analytic strategy of accounting for clustering when conducting statistical analyses with these large studies.

Keywords:   population-based survey, multicountry, central America, gatekeepers, partnerships, alcohol, cigarettes, illicit drug use, statistical power, interdependence of observations, clustering, design effects

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