This chapter brings together the ideas of the book, retaking the themes of a psychological approach to development, The Framework for Enabling Empowerment, Programming for Choice, and policy, and proposes a way forward. Not only economic factors but also psychological and social barriers impede optimal development, preventing enhancement of capabilities as well as full realization of individuals’ potential. With the advance of behavioral economics in recent decades, this awareness has increased. Key global political players have adopted approaches compatible with Programming for Choice. So far, these adjustments have occurred primarily at the conceptual level and less in hands-on practice, but it is only a matter of time before major development organizations begin to incorporate more concrete elements of the approach. The next step will be for governments and institutions of civil society to join in the effort to expand choice, personal agency and intrinsic empowerment.
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