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First Do No Self HarmUnderstanding and Promoting Physician Stress Resilience$
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Charles Figley, Peter Huggard, and Charlotte Rees

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195383263

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383263.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2021

Physician Stress

Physician Stress

Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue and Vicarious Traumatization

(p.127) 7 Physician Stress
First Do No Self Harm

Peter Huggard

Beth Hudnall Stamm

Laurie Anne Pearlman

Oxford University Press

An increasing body of literature examines the presence and nature of vicarious traumatization in health professionals. This phenomenon, also known as compassion fatigue and secondary traumatic stress although there appear to be some differences between these three constructs, is increasingly being acknowledged as a possible consequence of witnessing the suffering of others. This chapter examines these constructs as well as those of burnout and compassion satisfaction, and places them within the daily routine of a physician. The possible “positive” aspects of such experiences are discussed, including compassion satisfaction and vicarious transformation or growth, as well as possible ways of measuring these constructs. The chapter concludes by reporting research that identified the presence of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in a group of resident physicians and linked these findings with the levels of resilience, spirituality, empathy, and emotional competence in the same group.

Keywords:   physician stress, vicarious traumatization, compassion fatigue, secondary traumatic stress, burnout, compassion satisfaction, resilience, emotional competence

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