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Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System$
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Joel P. Trachtman and Chantal Thomas

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195383614

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.001.0001

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Asymmetry in the Uruguay Round and in the Doha Round

Asymmetry in the Uruguay Round and in the Doha Round

Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Sylvia Ostry

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the unintended consequences of the Uruguay Round, focusing on the issue of asymmetry. A number of case studies by the World Bank demonstrate both the capacity deficit in poor countries and the heavy costs of implementation. There was very little participation by the African countries in the Uruguay Round because of both the lack of personnel in Geneva delegations and the lack of coordination and expertise at home. There is still serious weakness in domestic coordination mechanisms among a number of ministries; this institutional deficiency is not confined to the poorest countries but affects many developing and transition economies as well. Finally, there is little, if any, coordination between Geneva and the home country.

Keywords:   Uruguay Round, developing countries, GATT, WTO system, trade liberalization, free trade

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