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Brothers EstrangedHeresy, Christianity and Jewish Identity in Late Antiquity$
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Adiel Schremer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195383775

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383775.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 August 2021

6 Significant Brothers

6 Significant Brothers

(p.121) 6 Significant Brothers
Brothers Estranged

Adiel Schremer (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that scholarly literature very often “Christianizes” the Roman empire in that it relates to the long historical process of the Christianization of the Empire as if it were an event. As a result this scholarly approach “Christianizes” the rabbinic literature, by reading rabbinic texts, which refer to Rome, as if they were speaking of Christianity. In contrast to this approach the chapter suggests that the “significant other” for Palestinian rabbis in late antiquity remained Rome, as a political and cultural entity, and their attitude to Rome was characterized by their view of Rome both as Israel's foe and as Israel's brother. Christianity, in contrast, played only a very modest role in the shaping of rabbinic thought.

Keywords:   Christianization, Rome, rabbinic thought, brotherhood

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