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The Toughest Beat – Politics, Punishment, and the Prison Officers Union in California - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Toughest Beat: Politics, Punishment, and the Prison Officers Union in California

Joshua Page


When a panel of federal judges ruled in August 2009 that California must release a full one-quarter of its prisoners, it did more than insist that 40,000 people go free. It asserted that what was once a “correctional crisis,” marked by deadly overcrowding and monumental prison mismanagement, had become chronic. No longer a temporary phenomenon, the “critical condition” of the Golden State’s prisons was now the normal state of affairs. This book shows how the California Correctional Peace Officers Association (CCPOA), the labor union representing prison officers and other correctional workers, ... More

Keywords: CCPOA, prison officers union, penal field, politics, California, interest groups

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780195384055
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384055.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Joshua Page, author
University of Minnesota
Author Webpage