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Unanticipated GainsOrigins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life$
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Mario Luis Small

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195384352

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384352.001.0001

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Extensions and Implications

Extensions and Implications

(p.177) 8 Extensions and Implications
Unanticipated Gains

Mario Luis Small

Oxford University Press

This chapter contrasts the organizational embeddedness perspective to the standard social capital perspective. It argues for a focus not merely on structure and position but also on context, everyday interaction, and routine organizations. After summarizing the mechanisms by which childcare centers brokered social and organizational ties, the chapter specifically examines the operation of these mechanisms in other organizations studied by social scientists, including neighborhood restaurants, hair salons, prisons, churches, grocery stores, and bathhouses. The chapter concludes by discussing the implications of the embeddedness perspective for three critical questions in the study social inequality: how people find jobs, how they acquire health insurance, and how they respond to conditions in their neighborhoods.

Keywords:   organizational embeddedness perspective, social capital theory, hair salons, bathhouses, prisons, grocery stores, restaurants, neighborhood effects, the job search, health insurance

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