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Artifacts in Behavioral ResearchRobert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books$
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Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195385540

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2021

Subject Set

Subject Set

(p.440) 11 Subject Set
Artifacts in Behavioral Research

Robert Rosenthal

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses various subject sets as they complicate the effects of the experimenter's expectancy. The experiments described have served in part to extend the generality of the effects of the experimenter's expectancy. More particularly they have shown the combined effects of the experimenter's expectancy and the subject's set or his perception of the demand characteristics of the experimental situation. The examination of such joint effects is only just now being mapped out for inquiry. But from what data there are—both quantitative and qualitative—the conclusion seems warranted that what is in the head of the subject and in the head of the experimenter can unintentionally affect the results of psychological research.

Keywords:   experimenter expectancy, expectancy effects, human subjects, quantitative data, qualitative data

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