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Artifacts in Behavioral ResearchRobert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books$
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Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195385540

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2021

Experimenter Sampling

Experimenter Sampling

(p.561) 19 Experimenter Sampling
Artifacts in Behavioral Research

Robert Rosenthal

Oxford University Press

Much of this book has been devoted to showing that an experimenter's expectancy may be an unintended determinant of the results of his research. This chapter addresses the question of what can be done to control the effects of the experimenter's expectancy. A number of strategies are proposed. Some of these strategies are recognized as direct attempts to minimize expectancy effects. Somewhat paradoxically, some of these strategies are recognized as attempts to maximize these effects. The chapter discusses strategies that seek neither to minimize nor to maximize but rather to randomize and “calibrate” experimenter expectancies.

Keywords:   experimenter effects, experimenter expectancy, expectancy effects, strategies

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