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Reforming Jim CrowSouthern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown$
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Kimberley Johnson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195387421

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.001.0001

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Lynching, Legitimacy, and Order

Lynching, Legitimacy, and Order

(p.43) Chapter 2 Lynching, Legitimacy, and Order
Reforming Jim Crow

Kimberley Johnson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces some of the efforts of Jim Crow reformers to transform lynching from a heroic defense of white womanhood and white supremacy, into a manifestation of bad government and social disorder that threatened the stability of the Jim Crow order. It describes the founding and development of the Commission on Interracial Cooperation (CIC) to show how the anti-lynching campaign was central to the creation of Jim Crow reformers' identity and beliefs, and how they defined what order and stability meant in the Jim Crow South. Jim Crow reformers, including the journalists in their midst, used the power of the press as well as moral pressure targeted though organized networks of respectable white women in order to end mob violence and public disorder. They also attempted to change and strengthen stateways so as to shift power away from individuals and to the state, by encouraging growth in state police forces and by proposing new state anti-lynching laws.

Keywords:   Jim Crow reform, lynching, civil rights, citizenship, anti-lynching laws, interracial cooperation

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