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Reforming Jim CrowSouthern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown$
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Kimberley Johnson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195387421

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.001.0001

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Higher Education for Blacks in the South: Pragmatism and Principle?

Higher Education for Blacks in the South: Pragmatism and Principle?

(p.144) Chapter 6 Higher Education for Blacks in the South: Pragmatism and Principle?
Reforming Jim Crow

Kimberley Johnson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the shaping of higher education for blacks by focusing on the role of Jim Crow reformers, foundations, individual whites, black educational leaders and administrators, and especially state government. At the heart of the struggle was the question of whether and how southern states could be encouraged or forced into supporting a system of genuinely separate and equal higher education for blacks in the South. Just as reformers sought to rationalize primary education in the South, they sought to create a similar pattern of rationalization and centralization of higher education. The goal of the General Education Board (GEB), for example, was the creation of an “orderly and comprehensive system” that was “territorially comprehensive, harmoniously related [and] individually complete.” This new system would “discourage unnecessary duplication and waste and encourage economy and efficiency.” In keeping with the emerging race relations model, black colleges and universities were an inevitable part of this new rationalization.

Keywords:   Jim Crow reform, southern reform, southern reformers, higher education, black colleges, black universities

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