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Social Emotions in Nature and Artifact$
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Jonathan Gratch and Stacy Marsella

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195387643

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387643.001.0001

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Challenge, Threat, and Social Influence in Digital Immersive Virtual Environments

Challenge, Threat, and Social Influence in Digital Immersive Virtual Environments

Chapter:
(p.44) 3 Challenge, Threat, and Social Influence in Digital Immersive Virtual Environments
Source:
Social Emotions in Nature and Artifact
Author(s):

Jim Blascovich

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387643.003.0004

How do we know when people are immersed in virtual reality? Can such immersion be assessed implicitly? This chapter explores the integration of two independently developed theoretical models relevant to social interaction within digital immersive virtual environments. The Biopsychosocial Model of Challenge and Threat, a motivational model based on demand-to-resource evaluations, is delineated including description of validated implicit cardiovascular indexes of the challenge/threat motivational states. The Threshold Model of Social Influence within Digital Virtual Environments is also elucidated. Finally, the value of their integration for drawing inferences of level of immersion and polarity of motivational states of individuals in digital virtual environments is argued and illustrated.

Keywords:   Motivation, Immersion, Cardiovascular Indices, Social Influence

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