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Immigration WorldwidePolicies, Practices, and Trends$
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Uma A. Segal, Doreen Elliott, and Nazneen S. Mayadas

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195388138

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388138.001.0001

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Immigration to Taiwan

(p.335) 22 Taiwan
Immigration Worldwide

Joseph S. Lee

Oxford University Press

Taiwan had a very strict immigration policy in its early development. However, it liberalized its immigration policy in the late 1980s by permitting temporary unskilled foreigners. For professionals and highly skilled workers, Taiwan relied heavily on the return of Taiwanese scientists and engineers from the United States and Canada. However, this approach is no longer able to supply the number of scientists and engineers needed; thus the government has further liberalized its immigration policy to attract highly skilled foreigners. To tackle problems resulting from the aging of the population, the government has liberalized its permanent immigration policy, permitting foreign spouses to immigrate into Taiwan. In this chapter we investigate how Taiwan's immigration policies have responded to the needs of different stages of economic development and on the current debate regarding the effectiveness and consequences of different immigration policies.

Keywords:   Taiwan, foreign workers, foreign spouses, returning scientists and engineers

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