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Immigration WorldwidePolicies, Practices, and Trends$
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Uma A. Segal, Doreen Elliott, and Nazneen S. Mayadas

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195388138

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388138.001.0001

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African Union

African Union

Return and Resettlement: A Survey of Refugee Law and Policy in Africa

(p.427) 28 African Union
Immigration Worldwide

Andrew J. Novak

Oxford University Press

The African refugee regime protects and provides for the nearly 3 million refugees on the African continent. Grounded in regional and international treaties, the protection of refugees in Africa is the most problematic among the world's regions because borders among African states are so porous, resource constraints are so severe, and conflict and natural disasters are so destructive. The foundational sources of this refugee protection are the 1951 Refugee Convention, the 1967 Optional Protocol, and the 1969 Organization of African Unity Refugee Convention. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, nongovernmental organizations, government agencies, and other state and nonstate actors coexist and collaborate in a complex web of refugee protection. Despite the improvements occasioned by the progressive human rights treaties and the protections provided by states and organizations, many refugees still face tremendous deprivation and discrimination in their countries of asylum.

Keywords:   Africa, asylum, conflict, humanitarian aid, internally displaced person, refugee, UNHCR

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