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Immigration WorldwidePolicies, Practices, and Trends$
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Uma A. Segal, Doreen Elliott, and Nazneen S. Mayadas

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195388138

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388138.001.0001

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Immigration to Russia

(p.47) 4 Russia
Immigration Worldwide

Vladimir Iontsev

Irina Ivakhnyuk

Svetlana Soboleva

Oxford University Press

During the 1990s Russia became one of the world's major receiving countries. United Nations statistics place Russia with 12 million immigrants in the second position in the list of receiving countries after the United States. This chapter analyzes immigration to Russia within the broader context of a variety of international migration inflows Russia is facing. Besides immigration for permanent residence (that is actually considered as immigration in its classical meaning), this chapter also focuses on labor migration, forced migration, illegal immigration, and other types. The major features of immigration to Russia result from numerous and diversified flows through translucent borders with so-called new foreign states, i.e. former Soviet republics (in contradistinction to the “old foreign states,” or traditionally understood foreign countries). In the context of the current dramatic natural population decline in Russia, the compensating role of immigration has become an issue of essential importance.

Keywords:   ethnic migration, new foreign states, migration policy in Russia

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