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Brain–Computer Interfaces – Principles and Practice - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Jonathan Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw


In the last fifteen years, a recognizable surge in the field of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) research and development has emerged. This emergence has sprung from a variety of factors. For one, inexpensive computer hardware and software is now available and can support the complex high-speed analyses of brain activity that is essential is BCI. Another factor is the greater understanding of the central nervous system, including the abundance of new information on the nature and functional correlates of brain signals and improved methods for recording these signals in both the short-term and lo ... More

Keywords: Brain Computer Interface research, BCI, brain activity, central nervous system, brain signals, severely disabled, muscle control, communication, technology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780195388855
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jonathan Wolpaw, editor
Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health and State University of New York

Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw, editor
Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health and State University of New York

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Part I. Introduction

1 Brain–Computer Interfaces: Something New under the Sun

Jonathan R. Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw

Part II. Brain Signals for BCIs

2 Neuronal Activity in Motor Cortex and Related Areas

Lee E. Miller and Nicholas Hatsopoulos

Part III. BCI Design, Implementation, and Operation

5 Acquiring Brain Signals from within the Brain

Kevin J. Otto, Kip A. Ludwig, and Daryl R. Kipke

7 BCI Signal Processing: Feature Extraction

Dean J. Krusienski, Dennis J. McFarland, and José C. Principe

8 BCI Signal Processing: Feature Translation

Dennis J. McFarland and Dean J. Krusienski

9 BCI Hardware and Software

J. Adam Wilson, Christoph Guger, and Gerwin Schalk

10 BCI Operating Protocols

Steven G. Mason, Brendan Z. Allison, and Jonathan R. Wolpaw

11 BCI Applications

Jane E. Huggins and Debra Zeitlin

Part IV. Existing BCIs

12 BCIs That Use P300 Event-Related Potentials

Eric W. Sellers, Yael Arbel, and Emanuel Donchin

13 BCIs That Use Sensorimotor Rhythms

Gert Pfurtscheller and Dennis J. McFarland

14 BCIs That Use Steady-State Visual Evoked Potentials or Slow Cortical Potentials

Brendan Z. Allison, Josef Faller, and Christa Neuper

18 BCIs That Use Brain Metabolic Signals

Ranganatha Sitaram, Sangkyun Lee, and Niels Birbaumer

Part V. Using BCIs

19 BCI Users and Their Needs

Leigh R. Hochberg and Kim D. Anderson

20 Clinical Evaluation of BCIs

Theresa M. Vaughan, Eric W. Sellers, and Jonathan R. Wolpaw

21 Dissemination: Getting BCIs to the People Who Need Them

Frances J. R. Richmond and Gerald E. Loeb

23 BCI Applications for the General Population

Benjamin Blankertz, Michael Tangermann, and Klaus-Robert Müller

24 Ethical Issues in BCI Research

Mary-Jane Schneider, Joseph J. Fins, and Jonathan R. Wolpaw

Part VI. Conclusion

25 The Future of BCIs: Meeting the Expectations

Jonathan R. Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw

End Matter