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Brain–Computer InterfacesPrinciples and Practice$
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Jonathan Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195388855

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.001.0001

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Brain–Computer Interfaces: Something New under the Sun

Brain–Computer Interfaces: Something New under the Sun

(p.3) 1 Brain–Computer Interfaces: Something New under the Sun
Brain–Computer Interfaces

Jonathan R. Wolpaw

Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by briefly addressing the question: What is a brain-computer interface (BCI)? It then covers the provenance of the term BCI and its present definition, synonymous or subsidiary terms, and related neurotechnology. The remainder of the chapter introduces six themes that are important for understanding BCI research and development: BCIs create new central nervous system outputs that are fundamentally different from natural outputs; BCI operation depends on the interaction of two adaptive controllers; the importance of choosing signal types and brain areas; the importance of recognizing and avoiding artifacts; BCI output commands; and the need for validating and disseminating useful BCI applications.

Keywords:   BCI, terms, neurotechnology, central nervous system, adaptive controllers, output commands, brain

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