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Regionalism in International Investment Law$
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Leon Trakman and Nicola Ranieri

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195389005

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389005.001.0001

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Foreign Direct Investment: A Historical Perspective

Foreign Direct Investment: A Historical Perspective

(p.14) 2 Foreign Direct Investment: A Historical Perspective
Regionalism in International Investment Law

Leon E. Trakman

Nicola W. Ranieri

Oxford University Press

The development of foreign direct investment (FDI) protocols reflects an evolutionary progression of thinking on the subject. They are steeped in established international law obligations and evolving treaty commitments. Most FDI progress has been made regionally and bilaterally, with investor protection now commonly addressed in comprehensive regional and bilateral trade agreements, or in stand-alone bilateral investment treaties. Regardless of the type of agreement that embodies them, investment provisions are generally aimed at facilitating the flow of investments between countries and creating standard investor protection protocols. In essence, they seek to imbue certainty and predictability in the FDI decision-making process and limit political interference, albeit selectively. This chapter discusses the history of FDI protocols in four distinct phases: regulation in historical societies, the period of regulation prior to the end of World War II, the period subsequent to that war, and the present global era.

Keywords:   foreign investments, international investment law, investment regulation, investment treaties, investor protection, historical societies, global era

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