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Access to Medicine in the Global EconomyInternational Agreements on Patents and Related Rights$
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Cynthia Ho

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195390124

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390124.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 March 2021

A History of Access to Medicine Through the Lens of Patent Perspectives

A History of Access to Medicine Through the Lens of Patent Perspectives

(p.325) 11 A History of Access to Medicine Through the Lens of Patent Perspectives
Access to Medicine in the Global Economy

Cynthia M. Ho (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a broader view of the development of international laws impacting the protection of drugs. Whereas prior chapters focused primarily on how patent-owning companies impact these laws, this chapter shows that such companies do not necessarily always dominate the conversation. In particular, just as companies have utilized tools such as forum shifting and trade pressures to achieve their goals, access to medicine proponents have used forum shifting and public pressure to promote their interests. The chapter demonstrates that the development of laws and policies impacting access to medicine is a dynamic process in which competing patent perspectives (as well as their confluence) play an important role.

Keywords:   international law, patent law, drug protection, forum shifting, public pressure, access to medicine

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