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Public Mental Health$
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William W. Eaton

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195390445

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.001.0001

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Global Mental Health Issues: Culture and Psychopathology

Global Mental Health Issues: Culture and Psychopathology

(p.41) 3 Global Mental Health Issues: Culture and Psychopathology
Public Mental Health

Judith K. Bass

William W. Eaton

Sharon Abramowitz

Norman Sartorius

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a definition of culture that is useful in exploring the issue of global mental health, followed by a delineation of approaches to clarify the interrelationship of culture and mental health. The chapter then examines current knowledge of mental disorders in low-resource contexts using approaches from anthropology (the culture-bound approach) and epidemiology (the cross-cultural or transnational approach). This is followed by discussion of both social behaviors and functionality, issues associated with mental health that are affected by the culture in which a person lives. What follows is an exploration of risk and resiliency factors, including an examination of the difficulty inherent in differentiating between culture-specific vulnerabilities and vulnerabilities associated more generally with the effects of poverty in a low-resource environment. Finally, the chapter delineates how culture and context can influence the selection and adaptation of behavioral interventions and treatments.

Keywords:   mental health, culture, mental disorders, social behaviors, poverty, behavioral intervention, treatment

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