Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ran Hassin, Kevin Ochsner, and Yaacov Trope

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195391381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 January 2021

The Power of Planning: Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving

The Power of Planning: Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving

(p.279) CHAPTER 15 The Power of Planning: Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving
Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Peter M. Gollwitzer

Caterina Gawrilow

Gabriele Oettingen

Oxford University Press

As highlighted by Kurt Lewin, goal attainment is not yet secured solely by forming strong commitments to highly desirable and feasible goals. There is always the subsequent issue of implementing a set goal, and one wonders what people can do to enhance their chances of being successful at this second phase of goal pursuit. A promising answer seems to be the following: People may plan out in advance how they want to solve the problems of goal implementation. But what are these problems? There are at least four problems that stand out. These problems include getting started with goal striving, staying on track, calling a halt, and not overextending oneself. We will describe research showing that making if–then plans (i.e., form implementation intentions) on how to deal with these problems indeed facilitates solving the crucial problems of goal implementation. Thereafter, we will ask whether implementation intentions foster goal attainment even under conditions that are commonly viewed as not amenable to self-regulation attempts, such as succeeding on an intelligence test or overcoming spider phobia. Finally, we will report research showing that implementation intentions can even foster goal-striving in those samples (e.g., children with ADHD) that are known to suffer from impaired action control.

Keywords:   implementation intentions, goal intentions, medial/lateral pre-frontal cortex, action initiation, goal shielding, disengagement, overextension, academic test performance, negotiation performance, winning competitions, overcoming habitual responses, Simon effect, spider phobia, weapon identification task, behavior change interventions, children with ADHD, response inhibition, delay of gratification, set-shifting, multi-tasking

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .