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Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain$
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Ran Hassin, Kevin Ochsner, and Yaacov Trope

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195391381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.001.0001

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Getting Our Act Together: Toward a General Model of Self-Control

Getting Our Act Together: Toward a General Model of Self-Control

(p.335) CHAPTER 18 Getting Our Act Together: Toward a General Model of Self-Control
Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Eran Magen

James J. Gross

Oxford University Press

Research on self-control has enjoyed tremendous growth over the past few decades, as researchers from a variety of disciplines have tested different self-control techniques in different domains of self-control. The result has been a proliferation of theories, models, and approaches, each offering important, but so far largely unrelated insights. The lack of a unifying framework has been an impediment to the development of an incremental science of self-control, and has left researchers struggling to relate their work to that of others. In this chapter, we present a general model of self-control, which we call the cybernetic process model of self-control. This model integrates two existing models — Cybernetic control theory (Carver & Scheier, 1982) and the process model of emotion-regulation (Gross, 1998b) — and describes the process through which tempting impulses arise and may be regulated. The cybernetic process model of self-control provides a conceptual framework for organizing disparate findings from research on self-control, and serves as a useful aid in selecting and designing appropriate self-control techniques.

Keywords:   self-control, self-regulation, emotion-regulation, delay of gratification, cybernetic process, emotion, temptation, reconstrual, suppression, reappraisal, response modulation, intervention design

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