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Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s$
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Gordon M. Shepherd MD, DPhil

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195391503

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.001.0001

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Neurology: Foundations of Brain Imaging

Neurology: Foundations of Brain Imaging

(p.176) 13 Neurology: Foundations of Brain Imaging
Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Gordon M. Shepherd

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the development of clinical neurology. Clinical neurology was early combined with psychiatry in the 19th century and only began to emerge as a separate specialty around 1900. In North America, the Neurological Unit of the Boston City Hospital was one of the early seeding places for the new discipline. At midcentury, a succession of neurologists in Boston, including Stanley Cobb, Tracy Putnam, Derek Denny-Brown, Raymond Adams, and C. Miller Fisher, laid the basis for modern clinical neurology as an independent discipline. The first effective drug for treatment of epilepsy was introduced. Spreading cortical depression was discovered and linked to migraine. The role of dopamine and the substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease was recognized.

Keywords:   clinical neurology, epilepsy, depression, migraine, dopamine, Parkinson disease

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