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Thugs and ThievesThe Differential Etiology of Violence$
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Joanne Savage and Kevin H. Wozniak

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.001.0001

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What We Don’t Know About Violence

What We Don’t Know About Violence

(p.1) 1 What We Don’t Know About Violence
Thugs and Thieves

Kevin H. Wozniak

Oxford University Press

Today, most criminological theory and research does not distinguish between violent and nonviolent crime. Instead, many criminologists accept the existence of a unidimensional construct, called variously criminality, deviance, delinquency, conduct disorder, antisociality, or aggression, which includes a variety of behaviors including theft, property damage, drug use, and violence. This is not unique to the field of criminology. Even in the field of psychology, there are those who focus on “antisocial” characteristics and conduct disorders in theory and research. In this chapter, we outline the reasoning for a differential etiology of violence per se. We make the case that the research on violence is incomplete, and we explain the methodological challenges for disentangling the causes of violence from the causes of nonviolent criminal activity.

Keywords:   Violence, Aggression, Violent Crime, Differential Etiology

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