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Thugs and ThievesThe Differential Etiology of Violence$
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Joanne Savage and Kevin H. Wozniak

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.001.0001

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Exploring Why

Exploring Why

Motivation, Context, and Violent Offending

(p.58) 3 Exploring Why
Thugs and Thieves

Kevin H. Wozniak

Oxford University Press

This chapter will provide the reasoning for choosing three external factors–poverty, community, and substance use–as worthy of evaluation in the differential etiology of violence. We examine the concept of criminal motivation and link it to the study of poverty and violence. We also explore characteristics of communities that might distinguish those with high rates of violence. Finally, we discuss the special “contextual” problem of alcohol and drug use and proposed causal processes that lead to violent behavior.

Keywords:   Motivation, Violence, Poverty, Drug Use, Alcohol Use, Communities, Violent Crime

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