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Thugs and ThievesThe Differential Etiology of Violence$
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Joanne Savage and Kevin H. Wozniak

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.001.0001

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Intelligence, Executive Function, and Violence

Intelligence, Executive Function, and Violence

(p.71) 4 Intelligence, Executive Function, and Violence
Thugs and Thieves

Kevin H. Wozniak

Oxford University Press

In our first substantive chapter, we provide a comprehensive review of studies that have tested associations between indicators of intelligence (broadly construed to include executive functions and other cognitive measures) and physical aggression or violence. This includes studies of verbal ability, performance intelligence, and the PIQ > VIQ discrepancy. We found that there is much evidence indicating that violent offenders have greater intelligence and executive functioning deficits than nonviolent offenders do, and we were surprised to find that it is unclear whether intellectual deficits are associated with nonviolent-only offending at all. We conclude that measures of intelligence and executive functioning are differentially associated with violent behavior.

Keywords:   Violence, Violent Crime, Intelligence, Aggression, Executive Function, Problem Solving, Verbal Ability, Sex Differences

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