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Thugs and ThievesThe Differential Etiology of Violence$
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Joanne Savage and Kevin H. Wozniak

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.001.0001

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Academic Achievement, Other Educational Factors, and Violent Behavior

Academic Achievement, Other Educational Factors, and Violent Behavior

(p.95) 5 Academic Achievement, Other Educational Factors, and Violent Behavior
Thugs and Thieves

Kevin H. Wozniak

Oxford University Press

The school experience is central to the lives of millions of children. Here, we evaluate the ability of school measures to differentially predict violent as compared to nonviolent offending by providing a comprehensive review of studies that have tested associations between school factors (academic achievement, reading, math ability, school attachment, parent education, learning disability, school problems, and academic attainment) and physical aggression or violent behavior. The findings indicate that school measures are consistently correlated with violent behavior and some measures are also related to nonviolent offending. Nevertheless, the body of findings call into question the idea that factors such as reading, parent education, and academic attainment are associated with nonviolent-only offending at all. Discrepancies in academic deficits between violent and nonviolent offenders support out conclusion that academic achievement is a differential predictor of violence. Other measures of school factors remain good prospects for further study.

Keywords:   Education, Violence, Violent Crime, Aggression, Academic Achievement, School Bonding, School Problems, Academic Attainment, Parent Education

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