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Thugs and ThievesThe Differential Etiology of Violence$
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Joanne Savage and Kevin H. Wozniak

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195393583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.001.0001

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The Role of Poverty in the Differential Etiology of Violence

The Role of Poverty in the Differential Etiology of Violence

(p.191) 9 The Role of Poverty in the Differential Etiology of Violence
Thugs and Thieves

Kevin H. Wozniak

Oxford University Press

The deleterious effects of poverty on individuals and communities have long been studied in a variety of scholarly disciplines. Clearly poor, inner-city areas are most likely to have high rates of violence. In this chapter, we focus on studies where empirical associations were reported for both violent and nonviolent outcomes. Aggregate-level studies suggest that neighborhood poverty is associated with both violent crime and nonviolent crime. The evidence that poverty rates, as such, are more consistently related to violent as opposed to nonviolent offending is yet inconclusive, but when indicators of resource deprivation or concentrated disadvantage are used, there is clear evidence of a differential association with violent crime. Further, in offender studies, violent offenders consistently have lower income than nonviolent offenders and in some, nonviolent offenders have higher SES than nonoffenders. Thus, with several caveats, we conclude that poverty is a good prospect in the differential etiology of violence.

Keywords:   Poverty, Violence, Violent Crime, Aggression, Concentrated Disadvantage, Resource Deprivation, Communities

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