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Johannes Reuchlin and the Campaign to Destroy Jewish Books$
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David Price

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195394214

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394214.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 September 2021

9. The Luther Affair

9. The Luther Affair

Chapter:
(p.193) 9. The Luther Affair
Source:
Johannes Reuchlin and the Campaign to Destroy Jewish Books
Author(s):

David H. Price (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394214.003.0009

This chapter describes the tumultuous conclusion to the Johannes Reuchlin controversy, which unfolded in an atmosphere of heightened political instability. Leo X's verdict against Reuchlin, the papal condemnation of his pamphlet for expressing views “impermissibly favorable to Judaism,” was issued in conjunction with Rome's initial condemnation of Martin Luther and his Reformation movement. The chapter documents important connections between Reuchlinists and early Lutherans, including Reuchlin's influence on Luther's biblical exegesis, despite his personal repudiation of the Protestant revolt. In fact, the Reuchlin controversy was a key setting for the formation of Martin Luther's anti-Judaic and anti-Semitic ideology. Moreover, the papal verdict against Reuchlin prefigured the harsh paradigm of the Catholic-Protestant-Jewish dynamic that would soon emerge. As counter-reformation policies hardened, tolerance of Jewish life plummeted in the Papal States.

Keywords:   Martin Luther, Johannes Reuchlin, Leo X, Judaism, Reformation, biblical exegesis, anti-Semitic ideology, Reuchlinists, Lutherans

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