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The Promise of PreschoolFrom Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten$
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Elizabeth Rose

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195395075

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.001.0001

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Creating a Patchwork Approach to Child Care in the 1970s

Creating a Patchwork Approach to Child Care in the 1970s

(p.43) Chapter 2 Creating a Patchwork Approach to Child Care in the 1970s
The Promise of Preschool

Elizabeth Rose (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

As more mothers entered the paid workforce, and as the women's movement mobilized, members of Congress proposed building a nationwide system of universally available child care services. Although the 1971 child care bill initially had broad support, proponents battled over who would control programs, and conservative opposition to the idea of government‐funded child‐care centers mounted. Ultimately, President Nixon vetoed the bill, slamming shut the window of opportunity for creating a unified public system for child care and early education. The implications of this bill's failure would be far‐reaching, making it politically difficult to act on the issue for years to come. As the demand for child care grew through the 1970s, therefore, it was met largely through the private market. Child care continued to be seen as a responsibility of individual families, not of society as a whole.

Keywords:   child care, Richard Nixon, Walter Mondale, universal, Federal, working mothers

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