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Strategies of Peace$
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Daniel Philpott and Gerard Powers

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195395914

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Strategic Peacebuilding: Concepts and Challenges

Strategic Peacebuilding: Concepts and Challenges

(p.45) 2 Strategic Peacebuilding: Concepts and Challenges
Strategies of Peace

Peter Wallensteen

Oxford University Press

Wallensteen argues that further defining and specifying key concepts in peacebuilding will result in increased consistency and contribute to the development of policy-relevant strategies for peace. He suggests that any analysis of peacebuilding efforts should employ a typology of conflicts that distinguishes between interstate war, internal conflict, and new state formation. It should also consider that the state is central to many wars, so it is essential to distinguish among the specific aims or ambitions of post-conflict peacebuilding: limited forms of state-building, democracy-building, security-building, nation-building, and market-building. A review of current research on sustainable peace processes highlights the importance of four factors: how the previous war ended; whether the causes of the war have been addressed; the impact of international actors on local state-building, including the timing of democratization; and the extent to which the regional context is conducive to peacebuilding.

Keywords:   conflict typology, peacebuilding, post-conflict reconstruction, sustainable peace processes, state-building, internal conflict, peace research, human security, democracy-building

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