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In the Shadow of Melting GlaciersClimate Change and Andean Society$
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Mark Carey

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195396065

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2021

Georacial Disorder beneath Enchanted Lakes

Georacial Disorder beneath Enchanted Lakes

(p.45) 2 Georacial Disorder beneath Enchanted Lakes
In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers

Mark Carey (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines disaster responses and environmental perceptions of climate change and glacier retreat through an analysis of the 1941 Huaraz and 1945 Chavín de Huantar glacial lake outburst floods, which killed 5,000 and 500 people, respectively. For the people most affected, the urban Huaraz population, the disaster not only leveled physical structures but also toppled symbols of social standing, wealth, status, and even the culturally constructed racial categories that supposedly distinguished Indians, mestizos, and creoles (whites). Essentially, the floods erased supposed boundaries between highland and lowland, countryside and city, and nature and civilization. Conceptualizing Cordillera Blanca glacial lake disasters as the combination of societal and environmental forces illuminates the culture of climate change and reveals why residents later rejected hazard zoning. It also explains why Huaraz urban inhabitants turned to state science and technology to protect them from glacier retreat.

Keywords:   Chavín de Huantar, Cordillera Blanca, culture of climate change, disaster responses, environmental perceptions, glacial lake outburst floods, hazard zoning, Huaraz, state science and technology

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