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Silencing the Self Across CulturesDepression and Gender in the Social World$
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Dana C. Jack and Alisha Ali

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195398090

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.001.0001

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Silencing the Self and Personality Vulnerabilities Associated with Depression

Silencing the Self and Personality Vulnerabilities Associated with Depression

(p.285) Chapter 13 Silencing the Self and Personality Vulnerabilities Associated with Depression
Silencing the Self Across Cultures

Avi Besser

Gordon L. Flett

Paul L. Hewitt

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the associations between personality factors, depression, and self-silencing. The authors contend that there are many reasons why individuals engage in self-silencing and these reasons reflect personality vulnerability factors associated with depression that are also associated with self-silencing. They present evidence that self-silencing combines with these personality factors, either as mediators or as moderators, to increase the risk for depression in certain individuals. Through an examination of particular personality variables, namely dependency, self-criticism, and perfectionism, the authors demonstrate that people with vulnerable personalities who also engage in self-silencing may suffer from chronic and destructive forms of stress that can be damaging to health and well-being.

Keywords:   depression, self-silencing, perfectionism, personality, self-criticism, dependency, silencing the self scale

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