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Silencing the Self Across CulturesDepression and Gender in the Social World$
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Dana C. Jack and Alisha Ali

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195398090

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.001.0001

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The Social Causes of Women's Depression: A Question of Rights Violated?

The Social Causes of Women's Depression: A Question of Rights Violated?

(p.19) Chapter 2 The Social Causes of Women's Depression: A Question of Rights Violated?
Silencing the Self Across Cultures

Jill Astbury

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the relationships between women's depression and various human rights violations that cross cultures. The author contends that a human rights framework should be applied in analyzing factors that precipitate women's depression and that such a framework can expose the social realities that put women's psychological health at risk. Although some social factors have been explored in previous research on women's depression, there has been a lack of research specifically focused on human rights violations as social determinants of depression and related conditions. This chapter describes various types of violations including war-related acts, sexual violence, unjust work practices, and injuries to human dignity to demonstrate the social factors that can assist in explaining women's significantly higher rates of depression as compared with men's. It also provides a framework for examining how self-silencing relates to women's social inequality and human rights violations.

Keywords:   human rights, gender, depression, sexual violence, social determinants, self-silencing

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