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Heart of Buddha, Heart of ChinaThe Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk$
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James Carter

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195398854

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398854.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 June 2021

Ice and Fire

Ice and Fire

(p.107) Chapter 6 Ice and Fire
Heart of Buddha, Heart of China

James Carter (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Attracted by Tanxu’s work in Yingkou and other Manchurian cities, government leaders in Harbin invited Tanxu there to construct a Buddhist temple. The motivations were, as elsewhere, both religious and political, aiming to bring Buddhism to a city that lacked a major temple, but also to use the architecture and location of the temple to promote Chinese nationalism in a city that had until recently been a Russian semi-colony, and retained a Russian identity in much of its population and infrastructure. Tanxu continued his work in Harbin, while also travelling throughout the region and even Japan as part of the East Asian Buddhist Conference, until 1932, when Japanese armies invaded Harbin and established the state of Manchukuo as a Japanese protectorate. Although insistent that he was not a guerrilla in the Japanese resistance, Tanxu’s patron, General Zhu Qinglan, attracted the attention of Japanese spies and police, and Tanxu soon fled to Xi’an.

Keywords:   Harbin, Paradise Temple, Zhu Qinglan, nationalism, Manchukuo, Manchuria, Taixu, resistance, collaboration, Ananda

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