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Faith and FatherlandCatholicism, Modernity, and Poland$
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Brian Porter-Szucs

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195399059

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399059.001.0001

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(p.328) 9 Polak-Katolik
Faith and Fatherland

Porter-Szücs Brian

Oxford University Press

As the Church became more infused with talk of a Jewish-Masonic-Bolshevik conspiracy to destroy Christianity and achieve world dominion, it seemed increasingly vital to establish a common front with all those who hoped to resist the encroaching armies of Satan. Reinforced by a shared vocabulary of struggle, Catholicism became more national and nationalism became more Catholic. The Polish state may have attained near religious homogeneity only after 1945, but in Catholic texts the Polish nation had been imagined as exclusively Catholic for several decades already. That fusion between nation and faith was built not on a demographic observations—in fact, Catholic political commentators had long been wary of basing any of their claims on mere numbers. Rather, the figure of the Polak-Katolik emerged from a conviction that Satan was engaged in a war against both God and the Fatherland, with the survival of each depending on the other.

Keywords:   Polak-Katolik, Endecja, antisemitism, Stefan Wyszyński, Pope John Paul II, Karol Wojtyła, theology of the nation

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