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Gandhi and his Critics$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780195633634

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195633634.001.0001

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Gandhi and the Partition of India

Gandhi and the Partition of India

(p.77) Chapter 11 Gandhi and the Partition of India
Gandhi and his Critics

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

According to John Vincent, Mahatma Gandhi was responsible for the ‘shedding of innocent blood during the massacres’, which occurred in the aftermath of the Partition of India in 1947. Historians have been trying to identify the genesis of the movement for Pakistan, whether Gandhi could have done anything to prevent the Partition of India, and the factors that led to the massacres and the mass migration of the minorities in 1947. The conflict between Hindus and Muslims, which culminated in the division of the subcontinent in 1947, was in existence long before Gandhi emerged as a leading figure in Indian politics. In 1919-1920, Hindu-Muslim unity reached its peak when the Khilafat movement became an integral part of Gandhi’s campaign of non-cooperation with the government. Gandhi was not in favor of the two-nation theory and the division of India.

Keywords:   Pakistan, Hindus, massacres, Partition of India, Khilafat movement, two-nation theory

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