This chapter discusses the Indian Councils Bill and its passage in the House of Lords. The passage of the Bill is attributed to the efforts of Morley, who had carefully planned the reforms, wrestled with the diehards in his own council in London, worn down the opposition of the bureaucracy in Calcutta, and withstood the calumnies of the Tory party and the Anglo-Indian lobby. He had, however, made one cardinal blunder for which he was to pay dearly. He failed to heed the warning of Sir Henry Cotton not to leave too much of the shaping of the bill in the hands of the officials. Morley’s anxiety to ensure a safe passage for the Bill was skilfully and successfully exploited by the Anglo-Indian lobby acting in concert with Muslim leaders in London.
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