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GokhaleThe Indian Moderates and the British Raj$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195647518

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195647518.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 April 2021

Separate Electorates

Separate Electorates

(p.344) 30 Separate Electorates

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers Gokhale’s proposal for separate electorates. This approach coincided with that of the sub-committee of the viceroy’s Executive Council (the Arundel Committee) on the advice of which the Government of India framed its (Simla) proposals in 1907. The scheme announced by Morley on 17 December 1908, however, made a radical departure in favour of ‘electoral colleges’ to which a fixed number of Muslims and Hindus were to be returned ‘in the ratio of population’; these ‘colleges’ were later to elect members of the provincial councils in like proportions. The combination of joint electorates and proportional representation was intended to serve the twofold purpose of securing equitable Muslim representation and preserving harmonious relations between the two communities. However, the bulk of the Muslim educated class was in no mood to accept joint electorates.

Keywords:   Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Arundel Committee, Simla proposal, Muslims and Hindus, harmony, Morley, electoral colleges, Muslim representation

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