This chapter considers Gokhale’s policy of general conciliation. Sir Charles Hardinge, an Under-Secretary in the British Foreign Office, succeeded Minto as viceroy. He came to India at a time when, exhausted by the humiliations of the Curzon regime and the deferred hopes and the final frustrations of the Minto–Morley reforms, the politically conscious classes were longing for a breathing space. Gokhale himself favoured a moratorium on political controversies for a few years. He wanted to concentrate on constructive programmes in which officials and non-officials, Hindus and Muslims, Europeans and Indians could cooperate. A political truce at this time was especially welcome to the new viceroy because of the proposed visit and coronation of George V towards the end of 1911.
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