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Working a Democratic ConstitutionA History of the Indian Experience$
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Granville Austin

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195656107

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.001.0001

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Closing the Circle

Closing the Circle

(p.314) Chapter 14 Closing the Circle
Working a Democratic Constitution

Granville Austin

Oxford University Press

After the declaration of the Emergency, months passed before long-term plans were completed. But the short-run need was clear to the Prime Minister and her associates: to protect her position and her Emergency proclamation from judicial challenge. The two goals overlapped as did the actions serving each. Closing a circle around Mrs Gandhi meant destroying representative government for the benefit of one official. Protecting her 1971 election to Parliament, the most pressing need, takes the discussion back to the origins of the challenge to her. This chapter takes up the denouement of the Indira Gandhi Election case and her government's enactments and constitutional amendments to preserve her position as the Prime Minister.

Keywords:   Emergency, Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, representative government, constitutional amendments, India, 1971 election

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