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Working a Democratic ConstitutionA History of the Indian Experience$
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Granville Austin

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195656107

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.001.0001

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Making and Preserving a Nation

Making and Preserving a Nation

(p.143) Chapter 6 Making and Preserving a Nation
Working a Democratic Constitution

Granville Austin

Oxford University Press

India was not, and its peoples were not, one at the republic's beginning, which made the leaders anxious and focused their minds on achieving unity. President Radhakrishnan warned the country that petty considerations, factions, and caste disputes raised ‘doubts about the stability of a united, democratic India’. The leaders' anxieties can be argued to be overdrawn. The compartmentalization of society impeded national integration, but did not endanger the country's unity and integrity, and the forces for unity operating in the country were stronger and more numerous than the forces against unity. This chapter looks at the uses of the Indian Constitution's provisions that deal with centre-state relations in the service of national unity and integrity. It discusses the Constitution's part in fostering unity. The last section describes the machinery for unity, the Constitution's centre-state relations provisions.

Keywords:   national unity, Indian Constitution, national integration, state relations, President Radhakrishnan, compartmentalization

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