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GandhiPan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.001.0001

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Swaraj Within a Year

Swaraj Within a Year

(p.252) Chapter 13 Swaraj Within a Year

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

This chapter takes a look at Gandhi’s claim that Swaraj could be achieved within a year, provided that his programme gained sufficient responses. It first examines the main argument that was made against the non-cooperation movement, that is, challenge the respect for law and the foundation of the State and society. It then discusses the start of the non-cooperation movement in 1920, which was focused on self-sacrifice. It further studies Gandhi’s promotion of khadi and boycott of foreign cloth. It also looks at the agrarian discontent that marked the post-war years, the risks involved in Gandhi’s campaign against foreign rule, the outbreaks of violence that occurred despite Gandhi’s warnings, and the difficulty in keeping the non-cooperation movement within the discipline of satyagraha.

Keywords:   Swaraj, non-cooperation movement, self-sacrifice, promoting khadi, boycotting foreign cloth, agrarian discontent, foreign rule, outbreaks of violence, satyagraha

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