This chapter discusses the consequences of Gandhi’s decision to withdraw his plans for civil disobedience despite the lengthy preparations it involved. Gandhi believed that his decision was mainly a moral issue, while some of his followers—and even the Viceroy—questioned his decision. It stresses that non-violence was the basis of satyagraha, and that the main motive for his return to Indian politics was to present the efficiency of his new programme to remedy political and social injustice. The chapter then focuses on the effect of Gandhi’s decision on the Khilafatists. It shows that this string of controversies finally exposed the leadership of the Khilafat to public ridicule and criticism, and that the Khilafat organization faced a darker future due to the changes in the international scene, especially in Turkey.
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