This chapter discusses the Hindu–Muslim entente and the Lucknow Pact. It looks at the factors that affected the achievement of this entente. It then examines the Bombay session of the All-India Muslim League, which was a very important achievement of Wazir Hasan and Mahmudabad. Here, the discussion shifts to the ‘Lucknow clique’, a group of Muslim politicians who were patronized by the Mahmudabad raja. It then discusses the Lucknow Pact, which was considered a great achievement during the time. Unfortunately, it was unable to meet the goals of its authors, that is, to establish Hindu–Muslim unity. The chapter notes that it was the religious issue of the Ottoman and Khilafat Empire that became the rallying point for Hindu–Muslim unity.
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