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Classical Hindu ThoughtAn Introduction$
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Arvind Sharma

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658712.001.0001

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(p.90) Chapter X Jīva
Classical Hindu Thought

Arvind Sharma

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the concept of the jīva. The jīva or the living being is explained in two ways in standard Hindu thought: either as possessing three bodies or as possessing five sheaths. According to the doctrine of the three bodies, a human being possesses: (1) a physical body, (2) a subtle body, and (3) a causal body. According to the other model, we can visualize our personality as consisting of layers or sheaths rather than bodies. These two modes of analyzing the human personality are not at odds with each other; in fact, they dovetail. The physical body corresponds to the food-sheath; the subtle body and the causal body to the bliss-sheath.

Keywords:   living being, Hindu thought, Hinduism, physical bodies, food-sheath, causal body, subtle body, bliss-sheath, personality

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