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Classical Hindu ThoughtAn Introduction$
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Arvind Sharma

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658712.001.0001

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(p.119) Chapter XVI Jñāna-yoga
Classical Hindu Thought

Arvind Sharma

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the concept of jñāna-yoga. One of the ways of overcoming the divide between the transcendental and the empirical is through the path of knowledge or jñāna-yoga. Traditionally, on the basis of a famous Upanishadic text, it is said to consist of three stages: śravana or audition, manana or reflection, and nididhyāsana or dhyāna, that is, meditation. There is a difference of opinion among those who follow the path of knowledge on the relative roles of these three steps. According to one school, the first step, śravana, may suffice to bring about realization. Others hold that mere audition may not suffice.

Keywords:   path of knowledge, śravana, audition, manana, reflection, nididhyāsana, dhyāna, meditation

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