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Classical Hindu ThoughtAn Introduction$
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Arvind Sharma

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658712.001.0001

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Brahman: Nirguṇa and Saguṇa

Brahman: Nirguṇa and Saguṇa

(p.43) Chapter III Brahman: Nirguṇa and Saguṇa
Classical Hindu Thought

Arvind Sharma

Oxford University Press

One of the clearest enunciations of the Hindu concept of God is found in the Taittirīya Upanishad II.1: Satyam jñānam anantam brahma. It is commonplace in the discussion of Hindu philosophy to maintain that Brahman may be taken to mean either saguna or nirguna Brahman. However, the two are not clearly mutually exclusive but represent two standpoints of viewing the same reality. This chapter demonstrates how this description of the self-same Brahman is understood in a dual sense. That the description of the Taittirīya Upanishad applies to Brahman alone is clearly stated in the Brahmasūtra.

Keywords:   God, Hinduism, dual understanding, saguna, nirguna, Taittirīya Upanishad, Hindu philosophy, Brahmasūtra

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