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Classical Hindu ThoughtAn Introduction$
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Arvind Sharma

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195658712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658712.001.0001

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(p.68) Chapter V Devī
Classical Hindu Thought

Arvind Sharma

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the concept of Devī. Once the ultimate reality is visualized in personal rather than impersonal terms, then this ‘persona’ could be either male or female. The ultimate reality, when viewed as a male ‘person’, is called Īśvara. When the same ultimate reality is viewed as a female person, it is called Devī. This is the most common way the ultimate reality is referred to when conceptualized as a feminine principle; other names such as aādyā (the original one) and śakti (energy) are also employed, though less often.

Keywords:   ultimate reality, male, Devī, Feminine principle, Female, aādyā, Īśvara

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