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In Gandhi’s FootstepsThe Life and Times of Jamnalal Bajaj$
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B. R. Nanda

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195663433

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195663433.001.0001

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Political Revival

Political Revival

(p.163) 14 Political Revival
In Gandhi’s Footsteps

B. R. Nanda

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at Gandhi’s political revival in India as a result of Jamnalal’s efforts. The first section examines the hierarchy of the new Congress that was established in 1920–1 by Gandhi. It then studies the victories of the Swaraj Party in 1924, which were mostly due to a pact between the Swarajists and the ‘Independents’. It notes that Lord Birkenhead was chosen as the instrument for nationalist revival, but his plans of a parliamentary commission that excluded all Indians backfired. His ‘All White Commission’ is now viewed as a foreign enquiry into the ability of India for self-government. The chapter reveals that Jamnalal was fully aware of the cross-currents and currents of national politics, but was one of the most discreet and least articulate Congress executive members.

Keywords:   political revival, new Congress, Swaraj Party, Independents, Lord Birkenhead, nationalist revival, All White Commission, self-government, national politics

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